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Craterellus tubaeformis

[ Basidiomycetes > Cantharellales > Craterellus . . . ]

Taxonomy in Transition: ...  > Canth/Crat Clade > Craterellus tubaeformis

by Michael Kuo

Recent DNA studies have made identifying Craterellus tubaeformis a much easier task; it is apparently the only small chanterelle with a brown cap, well developed false gills, and a yellow stem. It is found in moss, primarily in the conifer bogs of northern and montane North America--and it is not uncommon to find it fruiting from very well decayed, moss-covered logs.

West-Coast collectors call it the "Yellow Foot," and there is some evidence that the western version of Craterellus tubaeformis may be a different species (or subspecies), since it is slightly different, genetically, from European and eastern North American versions. See The Cantharellus/Craterellus Clade for more information.

Description:

Ecology: Mycorrhizal and, I would bet, often saprobic as well; growing alone, gregariously, or in clusters in moss or on well decayed, moss-covered logs in conifer bogs; northern and montane North America; summer and fall, or over winter on the West Coast.

Cap: 1-5 cm wide; convex at first, soon becoming vase-shaped and eventually becoming perforated on the center; with a wavy and irregular margin when mature; smooth or somewhat roughened; sticky or waxy when fresh; dark yellowish brown to blackish brown, fading with age.

Undersurface: With well developed false gills that fork frequently and have cross-veins; yellowish gray, becoming brownish.

Stem: 3-8 cm long; to 1 cm wide; more or less equal; becoming hollow; smooth; yellow.

Flesh: Thin; pale; insubstantial.

Odor and Taste: Taste mild; odor not distinctive or slightly fragrant.

Spore Print: White to buff or yellowish.

Microscopic Features: Spores 8-13 x 5.5-10 µ; smooth; elliptical.

Cantharellus tubaeformis and Cantharellus infundibuliformis are synonyms.

REFERENCES: (Bulliard) Quélet, 1888 (Corner, 1966; Smith, 1968; Bigelow, 1978; Smith, Smith & Weber, 1981; Thiers, 1985; Weber & Smith, 1985; Arora, 1986; Phillips, 1991/2005; Lincoff, 1992; Persson, 1997; Barron, 1999; Pilz et al., 2003; Roody, 2003; McNeil, 2006; Miller & Miller, 2006; Kuo, 2007.) Herb. Kuo 09039404, 09070102, 09040204, 02200305.

Further Online Information:

Cantharellus tubaeformis at MykoWeb
Cantharellus tubaeformis at Roger's Mushrooms
Cantharellus tubaeformis at Fungi of Poland

 

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Cite this page as:

Kuo, M. (2006, February). Craterellus tubaeformis. Retrieved from the MushroomExpert.Com Web site: http://www.mushroomexpert.com/craterellus_tubaeformis.html