|Major Groups > Chanterelles and Trumpets > Craterellus tubaeformis|
by Michael Kuo
Recent DNA studies have made identifying Craterellus tubaeformis a much easier task; it is apparently the only small chanterelle with a brown cap, well developed false gills, and a yellow stem. It is found in moss, primarily in the conifer bogs of northern and montane North America--and it is not uncommon to find it fruiting from very well decayed, moss-covered logs.
West-Coast collectors call it the "Yellow Foot," and there is some evidence that the western version of Craterellus tubaeformis may be a different species (or subspecies), since it is slightly different, genetically, from European and eastern North American versions. See The Cantharellus/Craterellus Clade for more information.
Ecology: Mycorrhizal and, I would bet, often saprobic as well; growing alone, gregariously, or in clusters in moss or on well decayed, moss-covered logs in conifer bogs; northern and montane North America; summer and fall, or over winter on the West Coast.
Cap: 1-5 cm wide; convex at first, soon becoming vase-shaped and eventually becoming perforated on the center; with a wavy and irregular margin when mature; smooth or somewhat roughened; sticky or waxy when fresh; dark yellowish brown to blackish brown, fading with age.
Undersurface: With well developed false gills that fork frequently and have cross-veins; yellowish gray, becoming brownish.
Stem: 3-8 cm long; to 1 cm wide; more or less equal; becoming hollow; smooth; yellow.
Flesh: Thin; pale; insubstantial.
Odor and Taste: Taste mild; odor not distinctive or slightly fragrant.
Spore Print: White to buff or yellowish.
Microscopic Features: Spores 8-13 x 5.5-10 µ; smooth; elliptical.
Cantharellus tubaeformis and Cantharellus infundibuliformis are synonyms.
REFERENCES: (Bulliard) Quélet, 1888 (Corner, 1966; Smith, 1968; Bigelow, 1978; Smith, Smith & Weber, 1981; Thiers, 1985; Weber & Smith, 1985; Arora, 1986; Phillips, 1991/2005; Lincoff, 1992; Persson, 1997; Barron, 1999; Pilz et al., 2003; Roody, 2003; McNeil, 2006; Miller & Miller, 2006; Kuo, 2007.) Herb. Kuo 09039404, 09070102, 09040204, 02200305.
Further Online Information:
Cite this page as:
Kuo, M. (2006, February). Craterellus tubaeformis. Retrieved from the MushroomExpert.Com Web site: http://www.mushroomexpert.com/craterellus_tubaeformis.html