Major Groups > Chanterelles and Trumpets > Cantharellus minor

MushroomExpert.Com

Cantharellus minor

[ Basidiomycetes > Cantharellales > Cantharellus . . . ]

by Michael Kuo

Other than size, there isn't much separating this mushroom from Cantharellus cibarius--and, to complicate things, miniature forms of Cantharellus cibarius can be found with some regularity, if my own experience is indicative. However, Cantharellus minor usually grows in moss and is not only much smaller than the average chanterelle, but has more slender proportions, even when compared to miniature Cantharellus cibarius specimens. The hollowing stem of Cantharellus minor is very slender, and usually tapers to the base--and the cap is insubstantial rather than fleshy. The cap does not, however, usually develop a central perforation and become deeply vase-shaped, like the caps in Craterellus.

Description:

Ecology: Officially mycorrhizal with hardwoods, but possibly saprobic as well; growing alone or scattered in moss under hardwoods (especially oaks) in eastern North America; summer and fall.

Cap: 0.5-3 cm wide; convex becoming shallowly vase-shaped with an arched and wavy margin; not developing a central perforation; egg-yolk yellow to orange-yellow; bald and often somewhat waxy.

Undersurface: With well developed false gills that run down the stem; colored like the cap.

Stem: 15-40 mm long; 1-7 mm wide; slender; equal or tapering slightly to base; becoming hollow; colored like the cap or paler.

Flesh: Insubstantial; pale yellowish to orangish.

Odor and Taste: Taste not distinctive; odor sweet and fragrant.

Chemical Reactions: Iron salts negative on flesh and undersurface.

Spore Print: Pale yellowish.

Microscopic Features: Spores 6-11.5 x 4-6.5 µ; smooth; more or less ellipsoid; inamyloid; hyaline to ochraceous in KOH. Basidia to about 65 x 10 µ; 4-6-sterigmate. Clamp connections present.

REFERENCES: Peck, 1872. (Saccardo, 1887; Corner, 1966; Smith, 1968; Bigelow, 1978; Smith, Smith & Weber, 1981; Phillips, 1991/2005; Lincoff, 1992; Metzler & Metzler, 1992; Barron, 1999; Roody, 2003; McNeil, 2006; Miller & Miller, 2006.) Herb. Kuo 07140301, 05260403, 07050702, 06140901.


Further Online Information:

Cantharellus minor at Roger's Mushrooms

 

Cantharellus minor

Cantharellus minor

Cantharellus minor

Cantharellus minor



© MushroomExpert.Com




Cite this page as:

Kuo, M. (2006, February). Cantharellus minor. Retrieved from the MushroomExpert.Com Web site: http://www.mushroomexpert.com/cantharellus_minor.html