Eastern Cottonwood (Populus deltoides)

[ Trees > Hardwoods > Poplars . . . ]      Forest Type: Eastern Riverine


Large, spreading tree growing in low, wet soil (river bottoms, gulches, and so on); young bark smooth, but soon very deeply furrowed; leaves oval-triangular, pointed, with 40-50 blunt teeth; growing east of the Great Plains.

by Michael Kuo

Habitat: Typically in low, wet areas (along rivers, in creek bottoms, and so on); often growing with Sycamore, or in more or less pure stands; growing east of the Great Plains.

Stature: 60-100 feet high; trunk to 5 feet in diameter; with a spreading and open crown; branches large, angling upwards.

Leaves: Oval-triangular; pointed; 3-6 inches long; yellowish green; with 40-50 rounded-off teeth; firm; stems to 3 inches long; with 3-5 small glands where the stem meets the twig.

Bark: Pale, thin, and smooth when young; soon becoming grayish brown, thick, and very deeply furrowed from the base of the tree upwards.

Note: Plains cottonwood (Populus deltoides ssp. monilifera) is a subspecies of eastern cottonwood found in the Great Plains; its leaves are slightly shorter (3-4 inches) and feature 10-30 teeth, along with 1-2 glands at the point of attachment to the twig.

Expanded treatment of this tree can be found at our companion site,, here.

(References consulted)

Frequent Mushroom Associates:

Amanita populiphila; Camarops petersii; Galerina marginata; Ganoderma applanatum; Gyromitra caroliniana; Hemipholiota populnea; Lactarius controversus; Morchella esculentoides; Pleurotus pulmonarius; and others.


Populus deltoides

Populus deltoides

Populus deltoides

Populus deltoides

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Cite this page as:

Kuo, M. (2010, November). Eastern cottonwood (Populus deltoides). Retrieved from the MushroomExpert.Com Web site: