Major Groups > Jelly Fungi

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Jelly Fungi

[ Basidiomycetes . . . ]

by Michael Kuo

The jelly fungi comprise a diverse and complicated group within the Basidiomycetes. Identification of species often hinges on microscopic examination, and things are further complicated by the fact that it is often difficult to transport a jelly fungus home in "examinable" condition, to say nothing of the difficulties encountered with trying to dry and preserve specimens.

Many slime molds go through a jelly-like phase in their life cycles; see the linked page for further information.

For now, anyway, I provide only a cursory treatment of the jelly fungi; the pages linked below represent some commonly encountered species. A list of references is provided below for those who want to pursue jelly fungus identification further.


Ascocoryne sarcoides (Jelly-like Ascomycete)
Auricularia auricula
Bulgaria inquinans (Jelly-like Ascomycete)
Calocera cornea
Ductifera pululahuana
Exidia glandulosa
Phlogiotis helvelloides
Pseudohydnum gelatinosum
Syzygospora mycetophila
Tremella foliacea
Tremella fuciformis
Tremella mesenterica
Tremella reticulata
Tremellodendron schweinitzii

 

Tremella fuciformis

Dacrymyces palmatus

Tremella foliacea

Auricularia auricula





References


Bandoni, R. J. & G. C. Hughes (1984). A new Dacrymyces from British Columbia. Mycologia 76: 63-66.

Bandoni, R. J. (1987). Taxonomic overview of the Tremellales. Studies in Mycology 30: 87-110.

Bandoni, R. & J. Ginns (1998). Notes on Tremella mesenterica and allied species. Canadian Journal of Botany 76: 1544-1557.

Berres, M. E., L. J. Szabo & D. J. McLaughlin (1995). Phylogenetic relationships in auriculariaceous basidiomycetes based on 25S ribosomal DNA sequences. Mycologia 87: 821-840.

Bodman, M. C. (1942). The genus Tremellodendron. American Midland Naturalist 27: 203-216.

Chen, C.-J. (1998). Morphological and molecular studies in the genus Tremella. Germany: J. Cramer, 225 pp.

Cox, D. E. (1976). A new homobasidiomycete with anomalous basidia. Mycologia 68: 481-510.

Ginns, J. (1986). The genus Syzygospora (Heterobasidiomycetes: Syzygosporaceae. Mycologia 78: 619-636.

Kennedy, L. L. (1958). The genus Dacrymyces. Mycologia 50: 896-915.

Kennedy, L. L. (1964). The genus Ditiola. Mycologia 56: 298-308.

Lowy, B. (1952). The genus Auricularia. Mycologia 44: 656-692.

Lowy, B. (1971). Flora neotropica. Monograph no. 6. Tremellales. New York: Hafner Publishing Company. 153 pp.

Lowy, B. (1980). Flora neotropica. Monograph no. 6 (supplement). Tremellales. New York: The New York Botanical Garden. 18 pp.

Martin, G. W. (1952). Revision of the north central Tremellales. Studies in Natural History at Iowa University 19: 1-112.

Olive, L. S. (1946). Some taxonomic notes on the higher fungi. Mycologia 38: 534-547.

Olive, L. S. (1947). Notes on the Tremellales of Georgia. Mycologia 39: 90-108.

Olive, L. S. (1948). Notes on Louisiana fungi. II. Tremellales. Mycologia 40: 586-604.

Olive, L. S. (1950). A new genus of the Tremellales from Louisiana. Mycologia 42: 385-390.

Olive, L. S. (1951a). Notes on Louisiana fungi. III. Additions to the Tremellales. Mycologia 43: 677-690.

Olive, L. S. (1951b). New or noteworthy species of Tremellales from the southern Appalachians. Bulletin of the Torrey Botanical Club 78: 103-112.

Olive, L. S. (1953). New or noteworthy species of Tremellales from the southern Appalachians--II. Bulletin of the Torrey Botanical Club 80: 33-42.

Olive, L. S. (1954). New or noteworthy species of Tremellales from the southern Appalachians--III. Bulletin of the Torrey Botanical Club 81: 329-339.

Reid, D. A. (1974). A monograph of the British Dacrymycetales. Transactions of the British Mycological Society 62: 433-494.

Reid, D. A. (1983). Notes on Dacrymycetales. Transactions of the British Mycological Society 80: 483-486.

Seifert, K. A. (1983). Decay of wood by the Dacrymycetales. Mycologia 75: 1011-1018.

Torkelsen, A. E. (1968). The genus Tremella in Norway. Nytt. Mag. Bot. 15: 229-232.

Walker, J. F. & J. L. Parrent (2004). Molecular phylogenetic evidence for the mycorrhizal status of Tremellodendron (Sebacinaceae). In Cripps, C. L., ed.: Fungi in forest ecosystems: Systematics, diversity, and ecology. (Memoirs of the New York Botanical Garden 89.) Bronx: The New York Botanical Garden Press.

Wells, K. (1958). Studies of some Tremellaceae. II. The genus Ductifera. Mycologia 50: 407-416.

Wells, K. (1994). Jelly fungi, then and now. Mycologia 86: 18-48.

Wong, G. J. et al. (1985). Interfertility and comparative morphological studies of Tremella mesenterica. Mycologia 77: 36-49.

Zugmaier, W. et al. (1994). Mycoparasitism of some Tremella species. Mycologia 86: 49-56.



Cite this page as:

Kuo, M. (2008, November). Jelly fungi. Retrieved from the MushroomExpert.Com Web site: http://www.mushroomexpert.com/jellies.html

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