|Major Groups > Toothed Mushrooms > Hydnum > Hydnum repandum/umbilicatum|
[ Basidiomycetes > Cantharellales > Hydnaceae > Hydnum ... ]
by Michael Kuo
Often called the "hedgehog mushroom," Hydnum repandum is easily recognized by its pale orange-tan colors, its terrestrial habitat, and the spines or "teeth" on its underside. Over the years mycologists have suspected a relationship between Hydnum repandum (sometimes named Dentinum repandum) and the chanterelles. In fact the hedgehog mushroom is easily mistaken for a faded chanterelle--until you get a peek at its spiny underside. Aside from appearance, taste, and smell, however, the hedgehog parallels the chanterelles microscopically, since it has stichobasidia (basidia whose cell division occurs lengthwise). I am not aware of any DNA research confirming the relationship, though I suspect it has been published, since the current Dictionary of the Fungi places the Hydnaceae within the Cantharellales.
Ecology: Mycorrhizal with hardwoods or conifers; growing alone gregariously; summer and fall; widely distributed in North America.
Cap: 2-17 cm wide; broadly convex, becoming flat with a central depression; the margin inrolled at first, eventually wavy and reminiscent of Cantharellus cibarius; dry; fairly smooth; dull orange-tan or paler.
Undersurface: Running down the stem; covered with spines or "teeth" that are 2-7 mm long; pale or dull orange; bruising dark orange or yellowish brown.
Stem: 3-10 cm long; 1-3 cm thick; sometimes somewhat off-center; dry; smooth; whitish or colored like the cap; bruising brownish.
Flesh: Whitish; often discoloring yellowish when exposed or bruised; sometimes with zones of color; brittle.
Taste: Mild or peppery; odor mild.
Spore Print: White.
Microscopic Features: Spores 6.5-9 x 5.5-8 µ; broadly elliptical or almost round; smooth.
REFERENCES: (Linnaeus) Fries, 1821. (Smith, 1949; Smith, Smith & Weber, 1981; Arora, 1986; Phillips, 1991/2005; Lincoff, 1992; Persson, 1997.) Herb. Kuo 09289621, 02200307.
Dentinum repandum is a synonym.
Varieties and similar species: var. macrosporum has, you guessed it, larger spores; H. albomagnum is southern in distribution and has a mild taste; H. albidum is also southern, has smaller spores, and tastes acrid.
Further Online Information:
Hydnum repandum at MykoWeb
Differs from Hydnum repandum as follows:
Cite this page as:
Kuo, M. (2003, August). Hydnum repandum. Retrieved from the MushroomExpert.Com Web site: http://www.mushroomexpert.com/hydnum_repandum.html