|Major Groups > Gilled Mushrooms > Pink-Spored > Entoloma & Satellite Genera > Clitopilus prunulus|
by Michael Kuo
The identifying features of Clitopilus prunulus include:
Clitopilus prunulus is sometimes called the "Sweetbread Mushroom," or "The Miller"--references to the mealy odor. I have a strongly negative reaction to mealy mushrooms. The smell, labeled "farinaceous" in Mycologese, is sometimes compared to the smell of an old grain mill, or of watermelon rind.
Ecology: Saprobic; growing alone, scattered, or gregariously under hardwoods or conifers, in grassy areas and open woods; summer and fall, or in winter in warmer climates; widely distributed in North America.
Cap: 3-12 cm; convex with a somewhat inrolled margin, becoming flat or irregular, often with a wavy margin; dry; finely suedelike; white, buff, or pale grayish.
Gills: Running down the stem; close or almost distant; whitish at first, then pinkish.
Stem: 3-8 cm long; up to 1.5 cm thick; sometimes off-center; equal; solid; smooth; dry; white or pale grayish.
Flesh: Fairly firm; white.
Odor and Taste: Strongly mealy.
Spore Print: Pink or salmon colored.
Microscopic Features: Spores 9-12 x 4-7 µ; elliptical with pinched ends (like long footballs); ridged lengthwise; angular when viewed from the end.
REFERENCES: (Scopoli, 1772) Kummer, 1871. (Fries, 1821; Saccardo, 1887; Kauffman, 1918; Smith, 1975; Smith, Smith & Weber, 1979; Arora, 1986; Phillips, 1991/2005; Lincoff, 1992; Barron, 1999; Roody, 2003; McNeil, 2006; Miller & Miller, 2006; Kuo, 2007.) Herb. Kuo 08050401, 06290705.
Further Online Information:
Once considered a distinct species (Clitopilus orcellus), this variety differs in having a slimy cap and stark white colors.
Cite this page as:
Kuo, M. (2004, August). Clitopilus prunulus. Retrieved from the MushroomExpert.Com Web site: http://www.mushroomexpert.com/clitopilus_prunulus.html