Major Groups > Stinkhorns > Ileodictyon gracile


Ileodictyon gracile

[ Agaricomycetes > Phallales > Phallaceae > Ileodictyon . . . ]

by Michael Kuo

One of Australia's more common stinkhorns, Ileodictyon gracile looks like a graceful, white cage. Unlike many similar mushrooms, it often detaches itself from its base . . . which makes me wonder whether it rolls around like a tiny, stinky tumbleweed in Australian subdivisions. Ileodictyon cibarium is a similar species that features thicker, lumpier arms; it is more common in New Zealand. Both species have been introduced to other parts of the world (Africa, Europe, the Pacific) through human activity.


Ecology: Saprobic; growing alone or gregariously; in woods or in cultivated areas; year-round in tropical and subtropical areas; Australia, Tasmania, Samoa, Japan, Africa and Europe.

Fruiting Body: Initially a whitish "egg" up to 3 cm across, attached to white cords; rupturing, with the mature fruiting body emerging as a more or less round, cage-like structure, 4-20 cm across, forming 10-30 polygons; arms smooth, somewhat flattened, about 5 mm in diameter but thickened at the intersections, white underneath the olive brown spore slime (formed on the inner surfaces of the arms); the egg tissue creating a whitish volva, but the mature structure detaching from it.

Microscopic Features: Spores 4.5-6 x 1.5-2.5 µ; ellipsoid; smooth.

REFERENCES: Berkeley, 1845. (Saccardo, 1888; Lloyd, 1909; Cunningham, 1944/1979; Dring, 1980.) I have not collected or studied this mushroom.

This website contains no information about the edibility or toxicity of mushrooms.


Ileodictyon gracile

Ileodictyon gracile

Ileodictyon gracile

Ileodictyon gracile

Ileodictyon gracile

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Kuo, M. (2012, July). Ileodictyon gracile. Retrieved from the MushroomExpert.Com Web site: