Major Groups > Stinkhorns > Ileodictyon cibarium


Ileodictyon cibarium

[ Agaricomycetes > Phallales > Phallaceae > Ileodictyon . . . ]

by Michael Kuo

Ileodictyon cibarium is primarily known from New Zealand and Australia, though it has been recorded in Chile (and in Africa and in England as an introduced organism). It is a stinkhorn, but it might better be labeled a "stink cage," since there isn't anything horn-like about it. Clathrus ruber and similar species of Clathrus also form cage-like structures, but they remain rooted to the substrate; Ileodictyon cibarium detaches itself from its base. Additionally, its branches are white, rather than red to orange. Ileodictyon gracile is a similar species with slender, more graceful arms.


Ecology: Saprobic; growing alone or gregariously; in woods or in cultivated areas; year-round in tropical and subtropical areas; New Zealand, Australia, and Chile (introduced in East Africa and Europe).

Fruiting Body: Initially a whitish "egg" up to 7 cm across, attached to white cords; rupturing, with the mature fruiting body emerging as a more or less round, cage-like structure, 5-25 cm across, forming 10-30 polygons; arms lumpy, about 1 cm in diameter, not thickened at the intersections, white underneath the olive brown spore slime (formed on the inner surfaces of the arms); the egg tissue creating a whitish volva, but the mature structure often detaching from it.

Microscopic Features: Spores 4-6 x 2-2.5 µ; cylindrical; smooth.

REFERENCES: Tulasne, 1844. (Saccardo, 1888; Lloyd, 1909; Cunningham, 1944/1979; Dring, 1980.) Herb. Kuo 07041201.

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Ileodictyon cibarium

Ileodictyon cibarium

Ileodictyon cibarium

Ileodictyon cibarium

Ileodictyon cibarium

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Kuo, M. (2012, July). Ileodictyon cibarium. Retrieved from the MushroomExpert.Com Web site: