Tulip Tree (Liriodendron tulipifera)

[ Trees > Hardwoods > Magnolias . . . ]

Forest Types: Oak-Hickory, Beech-Maple, Appalachian Cove


Tall, straight tree; mature bark cut into X-shapes but with blunt ridges; leaves with four broad lobes; growing east of the Mississippi River.

by Michael Kuo

Habitat: Typically mixed with other hardwoods; growing east of the Great Plains.

Stature: 80-100 feet high; to 6 feet in diameter; crown variable; branches large. The tallest hardwood native to North America, reaching heights of 200 feet.

Leaves: 4-6 inches long; with 4 broad lobes (the shape of the leaf looks like a tulip; hence the tree's common name); dark to pale green; smooth-edged; stems 5-6 inches long.

Bark: Gray; fairly smooth when young but soon becoming cut into X-shapes (or "diamond shapes," depending on your perspective) that have blunt ridges (as though someone has buffed the bark of a white ssh tree).

Fruit: 2-3 inches long; conelike; with spirally arranged scales that break away and litter the forest floor.

(References consulted)

Frequent Mushroom Associates:

Morchella deliciosa; Entoloma vernum; and many others.


Liriodendron tulipifera

Liriodendron tulipifera

Liriodendron tulipifera

Liriodendron tulipifera

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Cite this page as:

Kuo, M. (2003, August). Tulip tree (Liriodendron tulipifera). Retrieved from the MushroomExpert.Com Web site: