Hackberry (Celtis occidentalis)
[ Trees > Hardwoods . . . ]
Forest Types: Oak-Hickory, Southern Hardwood, Southern Riverine
by Michael Kuo
Habitat: Adapted to various ecosystems, from oak-hickory forests to southern hardwood and riverine ecosystems.
Stature: To 100 feet high and 2 feet in diameter; with a spreading, rounded crown.
Leaves: Candle-flame-shaped; toothed; green above; slightly paler below; asymmetrical at the base, with the base of the short side curving gracefully to meet the base of the long side; 2.5-4 inches long; with 3 main veins originating near the base.
Bark: Brown to gray; smooth at first but soon distinctively warted, with the warts usually becoming arranged in longitudinal ridges as the tree matures.
Fruit: A dark purple berry about 1/3 inch in diameter.
Cite this page as:
Kuo, M. (2007, May). Hackberry (Celtis occidentalis). Retrieved from the MushroomExpert.Com Web site: http://www.mushroomexpert.com/trees/celtis_occidentalis.html