American Beech (Fagus grandifolia)

[ Trees > Hardwoods . . . ]      Forest Type: Beech-Maple


Eastern hardwood with distinctive smooth, gray bark; leaves dark green, pointed-elliptical, toothed.

by Michael Kuo

Habitat: Growing with other hardwoods (especially maples) in moist areas; cloning itself copiously and producing numerous saplings near mature trees.

Stature: 60-100 feet high; to 3 feet in diameter; with a rounded crown.

Leaves: Alternate; 2-6 inches long; dark green above, yellowish green below; pointed-elliptical; coarsely toothed; beautifully orange in the fall.

Bark: Thin; bluish gray; smooth; distinctive (I think beech trunks look like elephant or rhinoceros legs).

Fruit: A triangular nut under 1 inch long, with a spiny covering.

(References consulted)

Frequent Mushroom Associates:

Many mycorrhizal species, including Amanita banningiana, Boletellus pseudochrysenteroides, Boletus atkinsonii, Boletus rubellus, Cantharellus cinnabarinus, Craterellus cinereus, Cortinarius azureus, Cortinarius bolaris, Cortinarius corrugatus, Cortinarius marylandensis, Cortinarius ophiopus, Hygrophorus discoxanthus, Laccaria amethystina, Lactarius gerardii var. fagicola, Russula pulchra, and Tricholoma subaureum . . . and many saprobic species, including Cerrena unicolor, Climacodon septentrionale, Fomes fomentarius, Hymenoscyphus fructigenus, Mycena crocata, Mycena atkinsoniana, Mycena filiformis, Mycena capillaris, Phlebia incarnata, Pleurotus dryinus, and Pluteus lutescens.


Fagus grandifolia

Fagus grandifolia

Fagus grandifolia

Fagus grandifolia

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Kuo, M. (2005, January). American Beech (Fagus grandifolia). Retrieved from the MushroomExpert.Com Web site: