The Physalacriaceae Clade
by Michael Kuo
Strange Befellows! From Left: Physalacria inflata, Xerula sp., Flammulina velutipes, Rhodotus palmatus.
Moncalvo et al. (2002) have compiled nuclear large subunit rDNA evidence for nearly 900 mushrooms; they estimate that their study includes one-tenth of the known species of gilled mushrooms. The "Physalacriaceae Clade" is one of 117 clades arranged in their enormous phylogram; I have summarized it and several subordinate clades below.
Molecular research on Flammulina by Hughes et al. (1999) and Methven et al. (2000) is also summarized, and inserted into the Moncalvo at el. Physalacriaceae Clade in gray font.
(The umbrella clade for all of the mushrooms below.)
Five clades determined by Hughes et al. (1999):
Potential Resulting Taxonomy
* Rhizomarasmius pyrrhocephalus (
* Gloiocephala: Current concept not informative; polyphyletic genus.
* Oudesmansiella = Xerula, at least in part
* Armillaria: Current concept (see Armillaria genus page) confirmed in part. Armillaria matsutake, for example, not included in phylogram; determined to belong in Tricholomatoid Clade as Tricholoma matsutake.
Hughes, K. W., et al. (1999). Patterns of geographic speciation in the genus Flammulina based on sequences of the ribosomal ITS1-5.8S-ITS2 area. Mycologia 91: 978-986.
Methven, A. et al. (2000). Flammulina RFLP patterns identify species and show biogeographical patterns within species. Mycologia 92: 1064-1070.
Moncalvo, J. M., et al. (2002). One hundred and seventeen clades of euagarics. Molecuar Phylogenetics and Evolution 23: 357-400. An online version of this research can be found here.
Cite this page as:
Kuo, M. (2003, June). The Physalacriaceae clade. Retrieved from the MushroomExpert.Com Web site: http://www.mushroomexpert.com/physalacriaceae_clade.html