Major Groups > Clubs & Corals

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Clubs and Corals

[ Ascomycetes / Basidiomycetes . . . ]

by Michael Kuo

The mushrooms I have lumped together as "clubs and corals" are related only in their general appearance, and not in any taxonomic sense. In fact some of them are radically different, from a mycological standpoint, belonging to entirely different classes. Identifying these mushrooms ranges from relatively easy to profoundly difficult. While I hope to expand coverage of this fascinating group of mushrooms in the future, for now my treatment of the clubs and corals is cursory. Below are links to various species pages, as well as a list of sources for those want to pursue the identification of clubs and corals further.

Alloclavaria purpurea
Apiosporina morbosa
Artomyces pyxidatus  (née Clavicorona pyxidata)
Calocera cornea (Jelly Fungus)
Clavaria fumosa
Clavaria vermicularis
Clavaria zollingeri
Clavariadelphus americanus
Clavariadelphus lignicola
Clavariadelphus occidentalis
Clavariadelphus unicolor
Clavulina amethystinoides
Clavulina cinerea
Clavulina cristata
Clavulina rugosa
Clavulinopsis aurantiocinnabarina
Clavulinopsis corniculata
Clavulinopsis fusiformis
Clavulinopsis laeticolor
Cordyceps militaris
Cordyceps ophioglossoides
Geoglossum nigritum
Lentaria micheneri
Microglossum viride
Podoscypha aculeata
Ramaria araiospora
Ramaria botrytis
Ramaria fennica
Ramaria formosa
Ramaria stricta
Ramariopsis kunzei
Sparassis crispa
Sparassis radicata
Sparassis spathulata
Spathularia flavida
Spathulariopsis velutipes
Stemonitis splendens (Slime Mold)
Tremellodendron schweinitzii
Xylaria (Genus)
      Xylaria cubensis
      Xylaria longiana
      Xylaria longipes
      Xylaria polymorpha

 

Artomyces pyxidatus

Geoglossum nigritum

Clavaria zollingeri

<Ramaria botrytis




References


Coker, W. C. (1923). The Clavarias of the United States and Canada. Chapel Hill, NC: University of North Carolina Press. 209 pp.

Corner, E. J. H. (1950). A monograph of Clavaria and allied genera. Ann. Bot. Mem. 1: 1-740.

Corner, E. J. H. (1966). Species of Ramaria (Clavariaceae) without clamps. Transactions of the British Mycological Society 49: 101-113.

Corner, E. J. H. (1970). Supplement to a monograph of Clavaria and allied genera. Nova Hedwigia 33: 1-299.

Dentinger, B. T. M. & D. J. McLaughlin (2006). Reconstructing the Clavariaceae using nuclear large subunit rDNA sequences and a new genus segregated from Clavaria. Mycologia 98: 746-762.

Dodd, J. L. (1972). The genus Clavicorona. Mycologia 64: 737-773.

Doty, M. S. Clavaria, the species known from Oregon and the Pacific northwest. Corvalis: Oregon State Coll. Press. 91 p.

Exeter, R. (2006). Ramaria: Trial key to club fungi in the Pacific Northwest. Retrieved from the Pacific Northwest Key Council Web site: http://www.svims.ca/council/Ramar2.htm

Gibson, I. (2007). Ramaria: Trial key to the Pacific Northwest species. Retrieved from the Pacific Northwest Key Council Web site: http://www.svims.ca/council/Clubs.htm

Humpert, A. J. et al. (2001). Molecular phylogenetics of Ramaria and related genera: evidence from nuclear large subunit and mitochondrial small subunit rDNA sequences. Mycologia 93: 465-477.

Leathers C. R. 1956. New Species and Varieties of Clavaria From Michigan. Mycologia 48: 278-287

Leathers, C. R. & Smith, A. H. (1967). Two new species of clavarioid fungi. Mycologia 59: 456-462.

Lickey, E. B., K. W. Hughes & R. H. Petersen. (2002). Biogeographical patterns in Artomyces pyxidatus. Mycologia 94: 461-471. This paper is available online here, at Mycologia.

Mains, E. B. (1954). North American species of Geoglossum and Trichoglossum. Mycologia 46: 586-631.

Marr, C. & Stuntz, D. (1973). Ramaria in western Washington. Germany: J. Cramer. 38 pp.

Methven, A. S. (1990). The genus Clavariadelphus in North America. Stuttgart: J. Cramer. 192 pp.

Petersen, R.H. (1964). Notes on clavarioid fungi. I. The Clavulina castaneopes complex. Mycologia 56: 20-28.

Petersen, R. H. (1964). Notes on clavarioid fungi. II. Corrections in the genera Ramariopsis and Clavaria. Bulletin of the Torrey Botanical Club 91: 274-280.

Petersen, R. H. (1965). Notes on clavarioid fungi. III. Clavaria inaequalis Muller ex Fries. Nova Hedwigia 10: 261-268.

Petersen, R. H. (1965). Notes on clavarioid fungi. IV. Nomenclature and synonymy of Clavulinopsis pulchra and Clavaria laeticolor. Mycologia 57: 521-523.

Petersen, R. H. (1966). Notes on clavarioid fungi. V. Emendation and additions to Ramariopsis. Mycologia 58: 201-207.

Petersen, R. H. (1967). Notes on clavarioid fungi VI. New species and notes on the origin of Clavulina. Mycologia 59: 39-46.

Petersen, R. H. (1967). Type studies in the Clavariaceae. Sydowia 21: 105-122.

Petersen, R. H. & Olexia, P. D. (1967). Type studies in the clavarioid fungi. I. The taxa described by Charles Horton Peck. Mycologia 59: 767-802.

Petersen, R. H. (1967). Notes on clavarioid fungi. VII. Redefinition of the Clavaria vernalis-C. mucida complex. American Midland Naturalist 77: 205-221.

Petersen, R. H. (1967). Notes on clavarioid fungi. VIII. Clavaria pinicola and C. stillingeri. Bulletin of the Torrey Botanical Club 94: 417-422.

Petersen, R. H. (1968) The genus Clavulinopsis in North America. (Mycologia Memoir No. 2.) New York: Hafner. 39 pp.

Petersen, R. H. (1969). Notes on clavarioid fungi. X. New species and type studies in Ramariopsis, with a key to species in North America. Mycologia 61: 549-559.

Petersen, R. H. (1972). Notes on clavarioid fungi. XII. Miscellaneous notes on Clavariadelphus, and a new segregate genus. Mycologia 64: 137-152.

Petersen R.H. (1972). Cultural characters in Ramaria subg. Lentoramaria, and a new taxon. American Journal of Botany 59: 10411046.

Petersen, R. H. (1974). Contribution toward a monograph of Ramaria. I. Some classic species redescribed. American Journal of Botany 61: 739-748.

Petersen, R. H. (1974). Contribution toward a monograph of Ramaria. II. Exclusion of Ramaria pinicola (Burt) Corner. Journal of the Elisa Mitchell Scientific Society 90: 66-68.

Petersen, R. H. (1975). Ramaria subgenus Lentoramaria with emphasis on North American taxa. Germany: J. Cramer. 161 pp.

Petersen, R. H. (1976). Contribution toward a monograph of Ramaria. III. R. sanguinea, R. formosa, and two new species from Europe. American Journal of Botany 63: 309-316.

Petersen, R. H. (1978). Notes on clavarioid fungi. XV. Reorganization of Clavaria, Clavulinopsis and Ramariopsis. Mycologia 70: 660-671.

Petersen, R. H. (1979). Contribution to a monograph of Ramaria IV. R. testaceo-flava and R. bataille. Nova Hedwigia 31: 25-38.

Petersen, R. H. (1981). Ramaria subgenus Echinoramaria. Germany: J. Cramer. 261 pp.

Petersen, R. H. (1982). Contributions toward a monograph of Ramaria. V. Type specimen studies of taxa described by W. C. Coker. Sydowia 35: 176-205.

Petersen, R. H. (1985). Notes on Clavaroid fungi. XX. New taxa and distributional records in Clavulina and Ramaria. Mycologia 77: 903-919.

Petersen, R. H. (1986). Some Ramaria taxa from Nova Scotia. Canadian Journal of Botany 64: 1786-1811.

Petersen, R. H. (1987). Contribution toward a monograph of Ramaria. VI. The Ramaria fennica - versitalis complex. Sydowia 40: 197-226.

Petersen, R. H. (1988). Contribution toward a monograph of Ramaria. VII. New taxa and miscellany. Mycologia 80: 223-234.

Petersen, R. H. & C. Scates. (1988). Vernally fruiting taxa of Ramaria from the Pacific Northwest. Mycotaxon 33: 101-144.

Petersen, R. H. (1989). Contributions toward a monograph of Ramaria. VIII. Some taxa sheltered under the name Ramaria flava. Persoonia 14: 23-42.

Petersen, R. H. & Litten, W. (1989). A new species of Clavaria fruiting with Vaccinium. Mycologia 81: 325-327.

Petersen, R. H. & C. Scates (2000). A new species of Ramaria subg. Ramaria from western North America. Karstenia 40: 139-142.

Scates Barnhart, K. & Beug, M. (1981/2004). Trial field key to species of Ramaria in the Pacific Northwest. Retrieved from the Pacific Northwest Key Council Web site: http://www.svims.ca/council/Ramar1.htm

Smith, A. H., Smith, H. V. & Weber, N. S. (1981). How to know the non-gilled mushrooms. Dubuque, Iowa: Wm. C. Brown. 324 pp.

Toledo, L. D. de & Petersen, R. H. (1989). A toxic Ramaria species from South America. Mycologia 81: 662-664.



Cite this page as:

Kuo, M. (2007, April). Clubs and corals. Retrieved from the MushroomExpert.Com Web site: http://www.mushroomexpert.com/clubscorals.html

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