|Major Groups > Boletes > Boletus > Boletus frostii|
by Michael Kuo
The sticky red cap of this fairly unmistakable bolete is red--like, the primary color red--rather than the "red" of so many Boletus species that are actually brownish red or rusty red (and so on). Other distinguishing features for Boletus frostii include its red pore surface; its deeply and coarsely reticulate stem; and the fact that its pore surface and flesh bruise promptly blue. Boletus frostii is a mycorrhizal associate with hardwoods--especially oaks--in eastern North America, pockets of the Southwest, Mexico, and Central America.
Ecology: Mycorrhizal with oaks and other hardwoods; growing alone, scattered, or gregariously; summer and fall; widely distributed in eastern North America, Texas, pockets of the Southwest, Mexico, and Central America.
Cap: 5-15 cm, convex to broadly convex in age; sticky or thinly slimy when fresh; smooth or very finely and shallowly pock-marked; bright red, developing yellowish areas with age.
Pore Surface: Dark to pale red; bruising promptly dark blue; often exuding yellowish droplets when young; 2-3 pores per mm; tubes yellowish to olive, to 15 mm deep.
Stem: 4-12 cm long; up to 3.5 cm thick; more or less equal; coarsely and prominently reticulate over the entire length; red, or occasionally with yellow areas; often bruising blue.
Flesh: Whitish to yellow; bluing when sliced.
Odor and Taste: Not distinctive.
Chemical Reactions: Ammonia negative on cap; grayish or yellowish on flesh. KOH black or grayish, then orangish on cap surface; grayish orange on flesh. Iron salts negative or yellowish on cap and flesh.
Spore Print: Olive brown.
Microscopic Features: Spores 11-15 (-18) x 4-5 µ; smooth; subfusiform. Pileipellis a tangled layer of gelatinized hyphae 3-6 µ wide.
REFERENCES: Russell (in Frost), 1874. (Saccardo, 1891; Coker & Beers, 1943; Singer, 1947; Snell & Dick, 1970; Smith & Thiers, 1971; Smith, Smith & Weber, 1981; Weber & Smith, 1985; Arora, 1986; Phillips, 1991/2005; Lincoff, 1992; Metzler & Metzler, 1992; Both, 1993; Bessette, Roody & Bessette, 2000; Roody, 2003; Miller & Miller, 2006; Binion et al., 2008.) Herb. Kuo 08160601.
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Cite this page as:
Kuo, M. (2007, January). Boletus frostii. Retrieved from the MushroomExpert.Com Web site: http://www.mushroomexpert.com/boletus_frostii.html